Information technology essay

free essayInformation security (infosec) is the act of thwarting an authorized access, the use, disruption, disclosure, inspection, recording, destruction, or the modification of information. Information security is used to safeguard all forms of data, either physical or electronic one. In information technology, the act of securing information is also referred to as computer security. In this case, a computer is any device that has a memory and a processor. These devices range from personal computers to electronic calculators. The individuals, who are involved in computer security, are known as cybersecurity professionals. As a result, information security is a complex activity that requires proper definition and regulation. Thus, it is the duty of information security professionals to safeguard cybersecurity ethics. In connection to this, exceptional responsibilities and ethical lines, which come with the best hacking skills, should be well emphasized and specified. In data protection, when the ethical standards and rules are not articulated properly, it becomes very hard to distinguish cybersecurity professionals from criminals; thus, various challenges that cybersecurity ethics faces must be discussed in this paper.

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Frequent Change of Cybersecurity Ethics

The landscape of cybersecurity changes frequently. Various organizations and immature industries experience boom of their development. As a result, they need to employ new talented individuals who have just graduated from college. When these graduates are employed, they change many already existing systems (Choejey et al., 2015). At the same time, these individuals are involved in developing and improving cybersecurity knowledge, and they possess different talents that they try to show as quickly as possible. Notably, they indulge in the abuse of the abilities that they have in this work. In the process of developing new systems, they make either mistakes or right decisions. However, some individuals abuse cybersecurity ethics because they are new in their profession (Zureich & Graebe, 2015). Thus, it has been evident that the new professionals in cybersecurity have changed security systems, hence making information security ethics difficult to adhere to.

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Untrustworthy Professionals

Cybersecurity professionals are the custodians of the security of their organizations, and they know various company secrets. As a result, they are entrusted with a great responsibility of safeguarding this information, to which they have full access. Consequently, they are required to perform their duties efficiently and responsibly. How professionals administer their authority in handling highly-guarded information depends on their level of observance of cybersecurity ethics (Dipert, 2010). The secrets can cause severe damage to the organization when they third parties, unauthorized for access to them and use, obtain them. In connection to this, organizations should ensure that they select security professionals carefully, choosing highly qualified individuals who show adequate standards and competency in cybersecurity (Choejey et al., 2015). If an incompetent and untrustworthy professional is employed by an organization, this individual can misuse this information for personal benefits and cause a huge damage to the organization.

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Hats of all Colors

The ‘black hat’ and the ‘white hat’ are two types of hackers who, at most times, use the same methods and tools to achieve desirable results in hacking. Nevertheless, as the hacker spectrum is rich, a blurring of lines occurs sometimes, when it is not easy to determine which hackers are the best to be employed in information security systems. As a result, these systems lack self-governing registers that can be used to determine the appropriate practices of security research or ethical hacking (Harris, 2016). However, security experts are yet to discover the guides that will be appropriate in seeking balances and universal checks in security systems. Owing to the fact that the black and the white hackers use the same policies and tools to work, it has been difficult to establish where the moral lines should fall so that fruitful, ethically sound, and legitimate security of information was conducted (Choejey et al., 2015). As a result, it is evident that hat colors have posed a significant challenge in cybersecurity ethics.

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Incompetent Cybersecurity Ethics Workshops

In modern world, various workshops have been organized to promote talents and skills to individuals, possessing computer-related talents. For example, in the IBM lab in Ireland, different people in the team have occasionally conducted various cybersecurity workshops for the third level students from computer science classes all over the UK. However, these workshops have been only designed to give only a brief introduction to those students, who after the event, are soon released to the market (Pike, 2013). However, the training that they provide to individuals is insufficient. At the same time, the educators, who organize these workshops, serve as role models and mentors to their students. Therefore, the workshops do the opposite of what is expected from them because their students are supposed to be trained sufficiently about cybersecurity ethics. Additionally, a detailed guide and specific rules regarding all cyber safety standards should be offered to the trainees of such workshops (Zureich & Graebe, 2015). All of these services should be provided in school and by the workshops as well. The failure of imparting the appropriate values to the graduates makes them ignore security ethics in the future. Therefore, this problem has caused a major challenge in the IT security ethics of many organizations.

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Efficiency in Communication

Businesses have a legal obligation of adhering to different standards in various security incidents that involve data breach. Therefore, time is always the primary factor in preventing cyberattacks in any particular situation (Dipert, 2010). However, it is important for an organization to notify its clients of various matters concerning cyberattacks such as the theft of credentials and data from their sites. Particularly, organizations must ensure efficient responses to their clients since thir failure to notify them leads to a vulnerable situation. Furthermore, when a corporation’s data is compromised, this organization might face lawsuit as well as suffer a severe reputational damage (Pike, 2013). These issues occur due to the breach of cybersecurity ethics, thus leading to the questioning of the ethical standards of the company. To avoid such consequences, the security systems in an organization should be well designed to adhere to high ethical standards to prevent any future cyberattacks from occurring.

Availability of Simple Hacking Software

The usage of even simple hacking software can lead to the violation of cybersecurity ethics of any company. Thus, simple hacking tools, which contribute to botnet attacks and DDoS, have been the biggest problem in information security nowadays. More to say, such programs have become very easy to use; as a result, they have enabled new and unexperienced professionals to misuse them (Zureich & Graebe, 2015). Consequently, this simple software can be said to have potentially invoked criminal damages in various companies and organizations in various places across the world. Moreover, the internet enables criminals to use achieve very quick results after using this software (Harris, 2016). Thus, significant damage to organizations’ security systems has been observed at an alarming rate. When such situations are thoroughly studied, it is evident that the incidences of cyberattacks occur because of the simple software that is readily available to the individuals who are not yet conversant with the ethics of information security.


Among the primary challenges for cyber safety standards, ignorance can be found. Thus, various incidences have been recorded, where cybersecurity professionals have crossed the boundaries of information security ethics because of their ignorance. Most hackers, who have been involved in indulging in cybersecurity attacks, are young professionals (Pike, 2013). At the same time, the incidences of violating cybersecurity ethics have escalated even due to the ignorance of various companies. It is evident that the demand for cybersecurity professionals is on the rise. Consequently, many organizations hire any available talented hackers even if they have been involved in compromising situations by crossing ethical boundaries (Harris, 2016). As a result, many hackers continue crossing moral boundaries because they are sure that when they are caught, they will still be in demand by their employers.

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Securing information is paramount not only to individuals but also to large companies. As a result, in various companies, IT professionals have faced numerous challenges that arise from various issues concerning cybersecurity. Thus, not only do these professionals have the duty of safeguarding the organization’s information from attacks, but they are also supposed to comply with information security ethics. Consequently, various companies are expected to have an official policy that should make sure that the privacy of information and the ethical issues in information security are monitored. At the same time, the security personnel must make various decisions to guarantee that all cases of the violation of information security and cybersecurity ethics are properly dealt with on a case-by-case basis. However, these ctivities and process are supposed to be perfectly organized to minimize and avoid any inconveniences. Although there are many challenges, privacy is a priority. Moreover, cybersecurity professionals should be taught that high power at all times is connected with great responsibility.

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