Research essays

free essaySurveillance or monitoring is constantly gaining popularity in many countries, particularly, in developed countries. Surveillance provides data for monitoring the behavior of a given population (Ragnedda, 2011). According to Akhlaque (2015), communication surveillance is the monitoring, interception, collection, preservation and retention of information the agent has communicated, transferred or composed of communications networks to the respondents. Actually, there are several categories of surveillance. Firstly, internet monitoring represent the capturing of data, as it travels across the Internet to the intended recipients (Akhlaque, 2015). Secondly, mobile control captures information that is transmitted across mobile networks, while fixed line interception captures data sent along public switched telephone networks through which international communication takes place (Akhlaque, 2015). Surveillance can also take place through intrusion, which involves planting malware that gives the operator full control over the device. In fact, surveillance should be greatly embraced in the society because it leads to the improved security by exposing the threats that people face.

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The Surveillance in the Public Place

Facilitating Security Operations

According to Monahan (2011), people tend to feel more secure, when they know that the authorities monitor the criminals, who target the innocent civilians. Nemeth (2010) adds that security is a crucial aspect of the public space. Before the introduction of surveillance in public places, cities like the New York have established community policing programs to improve security (Umbach, 2011). Community policing, which exemplifies an amalgamation of effective crime deterrence and community involvement, may bring significant benefit to the society, as public surveillance cameras improve problem-solving mechanisms, assist in apprehension and investigation, and amplify potential offenders’ awareness that they will be caught and put on trial (Umbach, 2011). The installation of surveillance systems has helped to solve major crimes, which could have taken ages to solve in the absence of surveillance systems. For example, the first images of the culprits came from CCTV footage a few hours after the incidence in the 2013 Boston Bombing (Kelly, 2014). The surveillance camera sites are established using GIS and crime patterns. The strategic placement of monitoring cameras ensures that a camera covers a large area and reduces blind spots, which can represent target points for criminals. Moreover, screening is applied in the airports in order to avoid smuggling and trafficking of illegal substances.

Monitoring is necessary in the modern world and, especially, in the era of terrorism. Through monitoring systems, the information regarding the plans of terror attacks is intercepted, and the attacks can be prevented. Monitoring the internet has also become a necessity because of the advancement in technology, which enables hackers to gain access to confidential information. According to Kovacs and Hawtin (2014), cyber spying by Chinese hackers is a primary argument used to support the controversial Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (CISPA), which would permit the authorities to access the infinite quantity of user data without their permission. Although, the invasion of privacy is the primary concern, when it comes to surveillance; legal guidelines are developed to govern the process of monitoring (Akhlaque, 2015). Silva (2013) states that the security measures should consider the rights of the citizens for privacy. Such revelations prove that surveillance may violate the rights of people and the government must respect the people’s privacy.

Security against Theft in Stores

In the recent past, the stores have actively embraced the use of surveillance. In fact, the stores install CCTV cameras to monitor activities in the warehouse, enhance security and deter theft (Vigne, Lowry, Markman, & Dwyer 2014). The stores do not use surveillance in order to stop crime. However, the shops use cameras to monitor the operations of the store and prevent shoplifters and other thieves from leaving the store. Moreover, the cameras are used to monitor the employees’ activities particularly in the cash counters, as they discourage the employees from stealing (Vigne et al., 2014). Moreover, CCTVs record the activities of the store. Thus, the camera can detect a robbery and the material can be handed over to the authority in order to assist in identifying and apprehending the culprits.

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Securing Parking Lots

Surveillance cameras have also gained popularity in the parking lots. Thanks to the advancement in technology, many parking lots are now adopting smart parking technology (Fraifer & Fernstr?m, 2016). Many car parks use camera surveillance to establish the number of unoccupied slots as opposed to letting drivers to search for free spaces themselves. Additionally, the owners of parking lots invest in monitoring to guarantee the safety of the vehicles parked (Fraifer & Fernstr?m, 2016). Surveillance prevents breaking into parked vehicles and ensures that only the car owners pick their cars. Furthermore, the cameras monitor the way drivers are parking and driving their cars out of the parking lots. In the presence of surveillance powered guidance systems, the probability of accidents occurrence reduces significantly (Fraifer & Fernstr?m, 2016). Therefore, surveillance is convenient to parking lots.

Security at Home

The application of monitoring is not limited only to commercial applications. In fact, the cameras are also installed in homes in order to improve safety and guard against intruders. For example, surveillance cameras are gaining more and more popularity in Condos. The installation of supervision helps to enhance security and monitor, who is getting in and out of the building (Vigne et al., 2014). Any suspicious activity can be investigated further and appropriate action can be taken against the suspects. Moreover, the monitoring helps to prevent theft, as the thieves are afraid of stealing in the places with surveillance cameras. The robbers are aware of the fact that evidence, which links them to the crime, is readily available; thus, they could not escape punishment (Vigne et al., 2014). Such measures ensure that the resident’s security is guaranteed that makes them feel safer in their homes.

The Positive Impact of the Surveillance of Toronto’s Highway 407

Toronto Highway 407 is one of the largest road construction projects in the history of Canada that runs east-west just north of Toronto. The road’s Express Toll Route (ETR) was the first of its kind in the world; ETR forms a foundation for other electronic highway toll systems (Shum, 2013). The ETR system allows drivers to pay for road charge without stopping at the toll station. The ETR utilizes the use of wireless CCTV cameras, which relay data to roadside computers (Shum, 2013). The system matches the small electronic transponders, which are leased and attached on the windscreens by the vehicle owners. The cameras read the transponders at the entry and exit points (Shum, 2013). If the vehicle is not from the area or it lacks the transponder, the cameras take photos of the car number plates and transmit the information to roadside computers, which later send the information to the monitoring station (Shum, 2013). The data is used to obtain the information about the vehicle’s owner and a bill is sent to him/ her. The cameras are high quality and can take actual photos even under the condition of adverse weather. The drivers, who refuse to pay the highway usage charges, get their license renewal declined upon application.

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ERT has created convenience for many road users. Since the data is collected using the surveillance system and the bills are sent later to the vehicle owners, the drivers do not have to stop at the toll station (Shum, 2013). In contrast to the manually managed locations, where a driver has to stop and wait in line to pay, ETR provides the road users with the opportunity to make the payments later. The ETR ensures the smooth flow of traffic on the road and prevents traffic congestion. T report released in 2013 by the Conference Board of Canada Highway 407 states that ETR saves commuters an average of 26 minutes each day (Shum, 2013). The benefit of reduced traffic also includes lower fuel consumption, reduced vehicle maintenance costs and reduced stress because of traffic. The improvements would not be possible in the absence of proper surveillance systems. The primary concern of Express Toll Route user is the high costs associated with using the highway.


Surveillance is essential in our everyday’s life. In fact, the system can be seen as a cultural necessity. Though there are concerns about invasion of privacy, monitoring brings more benefit than harm in the society. Through surveillance, communication intended for crime purposes is intercepted and the crimes are prevented beforehand. The installation of surveillance cameras in public places has become a common phenomenon to improve security today. Additionally, CCTVs ensure the smooth running and allocation of parking slots and security against theft and accidents. Moreover, monitoring is applied in residential properties in order to improve safety. Surveillance is also employed in highways in order to help smooth traffic, for instance, in the Toronto Highway 407, where the establishment of Express Toll Route 407 helped traffic run smoothly. In the modern society, the current threats and technological improvements necessitate surveillance in order to improve safety and efficiency of such functions as the traffic movement and the checkups against the entry of contraband products or illegal immigrants into a country.

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The first two assignments were helpful to me, when drafting this essay because they acted as a marking scheme by providing me with feedback on what I should avoid in my following assignment. Some of the flaws include inadequate citations, poor paragraph format, and grammatical errors. When writing this essay, I reflected on the mistakes I made in the earlier articles. Thus, I was sure of what to avoid doing in this work. Moreover, I used the first assignments to confirm my knowledge of the writing formats and, in particular, the APA style that I used in these tasks. I referred to the assignments to identify possible flaws that I might have made in formatting in order to avoid them in the current work. I also compared the current assignment with the earlier ones in order to establish whether I did citations incorrectly.

A crucial factor is the inclusion of reputable and highly reliable sources such as the peer reviewed sources that have been assessed to ascertain their credibility. My reason for using such sources was to ensure that I got reliable information that improves the quality of my essay. I searched the internet for scholarly sources and included other sources in order to have adequate information concerning the topic. Furthermore, I read the lecture notes to validate my research information and to make sure that my essay agrees with the course teachings.

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As a student, I acknowledge that I have weaknesses. Thus, I might need assistance from other students. In this regard, I consulted my peers in order to verify whether a source is peer-reviewed; friends helped me to identify some credible sources. However, my friends and I did not intend to copy each other’s assignment; thus, we helped each other by discussing issues and clarifying them.

Surveillance and Convenience

Surveillance or monitoring is constantly gaining popularity in many countries, particularly, in developed countries. Surveillance provides data for monitoring the behavior of a given population (Ragnedda, 2011). According to Akhlaque (2015), communication surveillance is the monitoring, interception, collection, preservation and retention of information the agent has communicated, transferred or composed of communications networks to the […]

Records Management and IBM

This project aims at providing an overview of records management practices in IBM global, as compared to global standards. Records management is the standard practice in business and also in the public sector. In business, it is not just a good practice but it is also outlined as a requirement in almost every country by […]

The Effect of Population Growth in China

The increase of Chinese population influences the development on the country in a negative manner. Having experienced the baby boom in the past, Chinese government restricted the allowed number of children each family might have, which was aimed at restricting the population in the country and controlling the birth rate. However, in the long-term period […]

Punishment on Child: Chinese and American Approaches to Discipline

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Ethnic segregation is considered to be as old as the civilization itself. It dates back to the early times of Babylon, when it was believed the city was divided into two parts. The outer walls of the city could be accessed by anyone, and the inner parts were reserved for kings and priests only (Benevolo […]

Central Asia in the Globalization Process

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Social Impacts Of Mega Sports Events: London Olympics 2012

1. Introduction 1.1.Background The impact of hosting a mega sports event is contentious subject on which there is little consensus. Different studies have pointed out different findings, with some studies indicating positive impacts (Baade & Matheson 2004). Positive impact of hosting a mega sports event may be overstated (Carrière & Demazière 2002). Other studies have […]

Teacher Survival versus Student Learning

The survival of teachers and the learning of the students is a concern for the stakeholders in the teaching learning process. The teachers with both higher personalities and possessing the required abilities are able to organize and execute the program affecting student’s learning abilities. They are also successful in aiding the learners acquiring knowledge. Therefore, […]

The Effect of Videogames on Student Achievement

Video games are a unique material, worth being studied. They play both negative and positive role on people engaged. Parents usually tend to think that video games have a negative impact on their children. They accept the point of view that video games corrupt their children’s brains and prevent them from achieving future success. People […]

Cloud and Student Information Records: Design and Evaluation of the Performance for the National Institute of Technology (NIT) in Saudi Arabia by Riverbed Tools

Currently, TVTC has a long-term strategic plan to merge two types of institutions: the technical colleges and the National Institute of Technology (NIT). The merger will make it compulsory for NIT students to attend some classes in the technical colleges. The greatest challenge in the merging process is to combine records for both institutions. They […]

How Music with Creative Movements Help in the Development of Children’s Brain

The studies conducted on music and physical movements clearly defined the role of both in the development of a child’s brain. Music with creative movements mainly helps in two ways. First, they enhance the physical, emotional, cognitive and also creative aspects of a child. Secondly, they enrich the curriculum of children. Researches are still trying […]

Job Satisfaction and Productivity across Gender

Job satisfaction has continuously been considered a very important attribute in the labor market because of its usefulness in the measurement of workers’ utility in any given workplace. The variation of the levels of job satisfaction has been proved to relate to job performance, employee retention and absenteeism, which are all related to productivity. Most […]

Media’s Impact on the Perception of Colors in Dreams

The phenomenon of dreams has interested humanity from the very beginning. Noticeable philosophers and psychologists, such as Aristotle, Descartes, and Freud paid attention to this problem in trying to explain the nature and peculiarities of human dreams. Interestingly, different periods of history represented various imaginations about the human dreams and their characteristics. Recently, researchers began […]

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Tsunamis: Giant Waves from the Sea

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Debate between Machine and Human Translation

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The Old and New Ways of NCO Self-Development

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Juveniles, Criminal justice and Death Penalty

1. Problem Statement 1.1. The Problem Juvenile justice systems handle juvenile delinquents with various problems. After juvenile delinquents conclude their placement, they are taken back to the society. The institutions that handle the psychotherapy for juvenile delinquents are required to deal with a wide range of problems. Making sure that juvenile delinquents get adequate placement […]

Expanding Disneyland to Dubai

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Virtual Trip

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