Psychology essays

free essayThe stress families experience can be divided into internal and external. Whereas internal conflicts can be very different, external impacts that contribute to the stress perceived by the family members are usually limited.

The historical frame refers to the conditions of the country the family resides in. Usually, stress based on this frame means the involvement into war or military actions. As the United Stated participated in the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, many American families whose members participated in the war experienced stress from deploying their relatives to those countries as well as meeting them back. Coming from China, I know that my country has a long history of a military conflict with Taiwan, but my family had never participated in it. Therefore, I cannot relate to the historical frame of stress.

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The economic framework also corresponds to the circumstances of the country the family lives in. Such economic upheavals as recession, financial crisis, and depression affect families greatly because they cause a loss of jobs and an increase in the unemployment rates. Even though each country has its own list of economic upheavals, the global financial crisis of 2008 influenced everyone. A large part of my family business was closed due to the situation. It led to the stress, but my family managed to overcome this problem together.

The developmental frame means that a family experiences a specific phase in life that is changing it. It can be a divorce, or a change of job, or immigration. In any case, this new stage requires the family to adjust to it and develop new mechanisms or ways of adaptation. In my family, we experienced it when I was young and my parents were constantly working. They wanted to make more money to help our family live better. As they were always busy, my grandparents had to take care of my brother and me. I barely saw my parents and it was stressful to me. I wanted more attention from them because I did now know if they loved me. Even though my grandparents explained me everything, I was eager to hear it from my parents.

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The hereditary framework relates to the health and diseases that run in the family. Knowing that there were numerous cases of a hereditary disease in the family, such as cancer or depression, family members begin worrying that they might potentially develop a disease. Thus, the family history serves as a stress factor. However, a lack of knowledge about the family history, for example, with the adopted children is also a source of stress because uncertainty unsettles not less than negative certainty. There are no hereditary diseases in my family, but my maternal grandparents had curable cancer. So, this problem is not currently on my mind.

The cultural frame allows people to rely on the customary habits and traditions and relieve stress from migration to another country. However, if an individual severs the ties with his or her culture it can be an additional stress. Thus, by maintaining my cultural ties, I helped myself to adapt to a new culture. Though, the American culture changed me as well. Before I came to the US, I was very shy and did not know how to express my emotions, especially in my family. Since I was influenced by the US culture and made American friends, I observed how explicit many Americans are in their emotions. So, I changed and I try to express my love to my family openly and directly.

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Among the internal context that affects the stress of one family, there are several important elements. Inasmuch as communication is crucial for how people deal with stress, family size is an important element. In my family, it was rather easy for us to communicate and not to lose any information. However, we were not very close, and often, we did not speak much. The rules and patterns of the family communication is another important factor. My father is strict, and he does not tolerate much talk about personal matters. This fact is another impact as the personalities of family members are important. An additional variable from the internal context of the family that may contribute to stress is the way family members perceive a stressful event. For example, if parents do not believe that their divorce is difficult for their children, they cannot help them cope with it.

How It Works

There are various factors that affect family. Apart from the internal factors, such as rules and patterns of the family’s communication, family size, and perception of a stressful event, there are frameworks of external context that include historical, economic, developmental, hereditary, and cultural patterns.

Communicating Under Pressure

The stress families experience can be divided into internal and external. Whereas internal conflicts can be very different, external impacts that contribute to the stress perceived by the family members are usually limited. The historical frame refers to the conditions of the country the family resides in. Usually, stress based on this frame means the […]

Motivational Interview (MI)

Motivational Interview (MI) refers to a style of counselling, which is client-centered and directive, being aimed at eliciting behavior change and helping to explore and resolve ambivalence in clients. The concept of MI emanated from Bill Miller’s experience of treating victims of alcohol addiction, which was later structured into a more professional and detailed clinical […]


Stereotypes are not official notions. They maintain discrimination and prejudice in society while placing limits on human lives. Moreover, they build boundaries between people and stop them from doing what they desire. Being widespread in most societies, stereotypes can totally influence mental and psychological health of people. There are many types of stereotypes, but the […]

Essay about Motivation

Extrinsic versus intrinsic motivation Extrinsic motivation is the motivation that comes from the outside. The factors that influence a person are external. Extrinsically motivated person gets pleasure not from the process of doing something, but from the rewards he or she will receive. This means that one has little interest in the task or performing […]

How to Start a Career In Psychology

The basis of choosing this specific profession was geared on the premises of the active role played by this job and its contribution to the field of psychology. Similar occupations to counselling psychology that I can work in include educational psychologist, developmental psychologist, and sports psychologist. If I fail to work within my area of […]

Birth Order and the Effects on Cognitive Development

There are many studies dedicated to the process of cognitive development of children in the family, which consider family size and serial birth number among other formal characteristics of the family structure. An influence of the size of the family lies in the fact that with an increasing number of children their average level of […]

People Often Get Motivated to Behave Violently by Violent Video Games

A lot of people regardless of age enjoy playing video games. Video game industry offers a variety of video games of different genres, such as: logical video games, racing games, different kinds of quests, etc. However, the most popular video games are the ones, which contain violence. While playing a video game, which contains violence, […]

Smile Intensity in Photographs Predicts Longevity

The article titled “Smile Intensity in Photographs Predicts Longevity” was written by Ernest L. Abel and Michael L. Kruger. The main point presented by the authors is the way positive attitude influences a person’s life, personality, individual choices, marriage stability, and longevity. It has been considered for a long time that people who are more […]

Psychologists Involvement in Coercive Interrogations

The psychologists play a crucial role in society. The psychologists are involved in the areas of counseling, research, and teaching. Additionally, they are involved in policy development, social intervention, conducting assessments, and forensic activities. The Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct provide the intent, procedure and application of ethics code. The psychologists cannot be […]

Sources of Motivation

According to the accepted definition, motivation is a reason for acting or behaving throughout in a particular manner. Speaking in a more concrete parlance of sociologists, motivation is a dynamic psychophysiological process that dictates human conscience as well as determines orientation, self-discipline, activity and tenacity of individuals (O’Neil, 1994). A prominent German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer […]