Decline in deaths from coronary heart disease and stroke has become one of the most important public health achievements in the twentieth century. This important achievement has become a reality due the development of medicine and new technology. Thus, using sophisticated advanced treatment due to more effective prevention techniques and diagnoses made it possible to prevent heart disease and stroke. Admittedly, these two diseases are still the most threatening diseases in the world. These outstanding achievements became successful due to the intensive investigation into coronary heart disease and stroke. The investigation of epidemic largely began after the World War II and continued later. Due to the development of medicine that has been observed largely since 1950, researchers and health care professional were able to treat these deathful diseases more successfully than earlier. Great achievements in medicine and government support programs and investments into the medical industry had enormous overcomes. Many patients who suffer from coronary heart disease and stroke have got a perfect opportunity to receive an effective medicine and treatment. As a result, the statistics has shown the great decline in deaths from these diseases.
Understanding of risk factors for CVD development helped therapists to treat patients in a more efficient and productive manner. The epidemiologists discovered that risk factors of these diseases depended mainly from lifestyle, social conditions, physical inactivity, obesity, and others (Harris, 2011). Since then, the public was constantly informed about the prevention methods and techniques of coronary heart disease and stroke.
The population in the United States was taught how to prevent the danger of death and become active participants in prevention and treatment. A number of beneficial trends were overviewed all over the United States no matter of people’s social status, incomes, culture and race. Admittedly, improvements in medical care, including advances in diagnosing and treating heart disease and stroke are the main concern of the Government, community, and health care organizations.
Though remarkable progress in decline in deaths from coronary heart disease and stroke in the USA was achieved, the problem still exists. Estimated costs for morbidity and mortality from CVD have gained enormous lost productivity and health expenditures. Moreover, there is a difference in the overall declines in heart disease and stroke mortality relating sex, age, geographic region and socioeconomic status. Thus, the rates of heart disease and stroke declined faster among higher social classes (Harris, 2011). Many studies have shown that public health programs at the state level for heart disease and stroke have been limited. Some important indicators show that many trends in diagnosing, treatment and prevention of heart disease and stroke have not improved in a substantial level. State government authorities have to implement more efficient programs to people who under risk from various socioeconomic backgrounds, races, sex and geographic regions.
Stanner (2008) argues that in spite of decline in deaths from coronary heart disease and stroke, the U.S. population needs more constructive approaches and health progress in order to prevent this health challenge for the 21st century. Continued research is needed to understand the determinants of CVD risk factors. Promoting policy and environmental strategies that enhance healthy behavior would be rather helpful in the further improvement of decline in deaths from coronary heart disease and stroke. It is worth mentioning that people with the addiction to alcohol, tobacco, obese people and others with existing cardiovascular conditions are at increased risk for future life-threatening events related to those conditions (Barsness and Holmes, 2011). International collaboration and new achievements to improve cardiovascular health will need to continue to reduce the burden of coronary heart disease and stroke worldwide.
- Barsness, G. and Holmes, D. (2011). Coronary artery disease. Springer.
- Harris, R. 2011. Epidemiology of chronic disease. Jones and Bartlett Learning.
- Stanner, S. (2008). Cardiovascular disease: diet, nutrition and emerging risk factors. Blackwell Publishing.