Lottery Systems in Education

free essayThe Matrix board of education in San Juan, Puerto Rico uses this system all year round. It is meant to ensure that students have more control over the choices of their schools. The San Juan educational system was decentralized in 2007 changing it from a central registration system to a process that enhances choice (Stasz & Stolk, 2007). The system was implemented to improve the engagement of parents and students in school choice, giving families an opportunity to participate in choosing schools. Research shows that students perform better when they feel they have been able to direct their earning processes (Cloud, 2015). Students are allowed to choose up to five schools in the lottery, elevating their opportunity of attending one of the schools they have chosen.

Families are also important in choosing schools because they have a greater awareness of the public education system, and they know which schools may be best for students based on performance trends. Families will be able to access information about the system from the choice office call center. Being that the system is relatively new, parents and students can get information from the center about the processes of this modified system. The center has computers and brochures, as well as new staff members. Parents and students have 50 schools to choose from. Interns will be trained on the new instructions and procedures and will be expected to work from 8.00am to 4.00pm. They will learn about the new system as well as the schools and subsequently guide students and their families through the selection process. The current supervisor running the department has implemented some of the new procedures with the help from other departments as well. The system is functional enough, but the training provided would benefit from the following UbD plan.

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Stage 1

The plan has 3 stages. In the initial stage, it involves the supervisor managing the department including all its processes and personnel. This will involve identifying the desired results at work by aligning the functions of the personnel with the department mission. The department was developed to ensure that parents understand the lottery system of choosing schools. Hence, interns and other staff members will be steered toward ensuring that staff members and interns all create a work environment that works toward fulfilling this mission. The new staff will be trained to provide information to parents to ensure a deep understanding of the lottery. After carrying out an analysis of the new procedure, the department will be in a better position to help children and their families in school selection. When the training comes to an end, interns will be able to explain the benefits of having a centralized location for helping parents. They will also have knowledge about the best practices in order to help parents understand the processes of the lottery.have knowledge about

Before management can effectively help its staff and clients, it is essential for them to assess the capabilities of their company and their staff and use them to implement their strategies based on these findings. Parents will opt for the best choice for their children when given the task of helping their children to choose schools for the lottery. Introducing school choice is bound to have a larger impact than expected. It is also important to ensure that parents and children are also aware of government policies and possible problems that have been encountered. This includes the issue of addressing performance in schools that have had performance problems in the past (West & Hind, 2003). The first task that managers have is to evaluate the needs in the market against their capabilities to address this problem. It is possible that parent and pupils may choose schools for reasons that are outside the realm of education, including their ease of access to the school. In addition, the schools chosen may have lower test scores than what is expected by the parent (Stasz & Stolk, 2007). Knowledge of the criteria parents use to choose is important in understanding how lotteries impact the academic performance of students. In addition, people place different emphasis on performance, for example, some may place greater emphasis on sports programs than academic programs. In addition, the choice also affects the differential impact that the product has on different groups of students.

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Stage 2

This stage will involve determining evidence that will be acceptable for use in training interns and informing parents. Data will be collected and evaluated based on the result of previous lotteries. Surveys will be done on parents to determine their understanding of the internet and the lottery. The results will provide the topics that parents need to be trained on. Data has shown that schools are increasingly becoming socially selective. School admissions need to be diversified while also allowing the students and their families to participate in decisions about the school. Lotteries are considered to be transparent and fair in school selection. They promote equal access to educational opportunities. The system will be designed to relate to a specific purpose or admission problem. In this context, the design is meant to ensure that parents have a deeper understanding of the lottery system and how it can benefit them and their children. When instituting the system, it is important to follow a clear rationale for implementing the lottery scheme. This is the idea behind ensuring that the mission statement is included in all activities and processes within the department.

It is important to note that some previous attempts at the lottery have failed to yield the desired results. Children from particular neighborhoods who wished to attend school in these regions ‘duped’ the lottery system by listing a single school in the lottery. This guaranteed them entry into the school of their choice (Hoxby, 2004a). To ensure that parents and children do not do the same in this case, they will be required to select five schools. This will be made mandatory or else the applications to the lottery will not be accepted.

To ensure the system works as intended, the outcomes of the lottery will be evaluated and associated with its intended purpose. This evaluation will help identify best practices for implementing an inclusive lottery. In this case, the concern is about including parents in the selection, and the hope is to ensure that parents are included in decision-making (Stasz & van Stolk, 2007). Hence, one of the ways to evaluate the effectiveness of the program is to interview parents after admission to see if they are satisfied and also to look at students’ progress after the first academic year. The program hopes to ensure students perform better because they have a say in the schools they attend. In addition, the program hopes to involve parents in decision making as well (Hoxby, 2004a). The system design did not proceed from a theory of action, but rather from a casual set of statements that connect an action (the government lottery system) to the desired action (greater participation of parents). When the theory is faulty, the subsequent policy will be ineffective. Hence, if the lottery were faulty, it would be futile to increase parent participation.

Stage 3

The third stage involves planning learning experiences and instructions. Policy makers need to understand why and how parents participate in the lottery. One of the appealing features of the lottery system is that it treats students equally thanks to the opportunity offered to all the students. The reality is that the lottery is fair to those who participate and students who choose to join schools. Self-selection into lotteries may raise problems of internal validity. A parent may not be confident that their children will make the correct choices if left to choose schools for the lottery on their own. Data shows that pupils and parents may not always make choices that will maximize students’ outcome, while also producing outcomes that policy makers will find desirable. These poor choices may threaten the performance of students. For this reason, it is important to ensure that parents are aware of the true nature of schools and performance. This will allow parents to make the best possible choices for their children based on their needs and capabilities.

Examining lottery schemes can be a complex exercise. Hence, staff and interns need to be trained in the most effective way to evaluate the project while also giving the most appropriate information to parents and guardians about schools. This will also involve getting information from schools around the region (Stasz & Stolk, 2007). Hence, staff also needs to be informed of the type of information to look for from the schools. In addition, it would be important to have representatives from the schools departments to help inform students and parents on the nature of instruction offered at the schools. Brochures will be updated regularly with information on the nature of programs and instruction in different schools.

The overall procedures that have been implemented in this program will be designed based on understanding what the market needs are and incorporating this information into the training of interns and staff. In turn, the interns and staff will provide parents with information they need to make informed decisions. They will be in a better position to inform parents about the benefits of participating in the lottery.