Importance of Adaptation as a Complement to Mitigation, Preparedness, etc.
It must be made clear to all individuals that man cannot run away from the wrath of nature. Most of the saddening eventualities are inevitable and get many people off-guard thus leading to significant losses of unimaginable measures. Despite living with this level of uncertainties about the unforeseeable future, it is also correct to say that all risks can be prevented, and the same can lead to a remarkable avoidance of loss of property and life. In order to kill two birds with one stone, mitigation is directly linked to adaptation to ensure disasters are well managed.
According to Bullock and Haddow (2010) the features are equally fundamental in the sense that adaptation relies on the natural alterations towards the changes of climate to enhance survival of nature. On the other hand, mitigation comes in as human efforts intentionally put in place to ensure that there is no loss of life or property. While one is only a natural ways of living, adaptation may not withhold severe outcomes as it only refers to the past occurrences. The advantage of merging with mitigation brings in the idea of focusing on limiting disaster happenings in the future. As a result, adaptation and mitigation will make a complete management by working on the past and future (Ingham, Ma, and Ulph, 2013). Unfortunately, many lonely working on adaptation and forsake mitigation thus ending up with unimaginable disasters.
Projected Impacts of Global Warming
This is the most devastating thought that comes to mind in the aspect of global warming. Most sadistic events have indeed resulted in remarkable losses, and despite having a lot of efforts established towards limiting the same, the future is still unclear on the reduction of these losses. In the recent past, a lot of changes in climate have negatively impacted world communities. For instance, the tsunami resulting from the high rising of the ocean and sea waters (example Asian Tsunami of 2004) caused devastating distractions, led to death of humans and animals (Landon 2006). On the other hand, animals in the wild waters, oceans and seas affected by changes in the tidal waves and had to adapt to different life forms. Likewise, sea creatures were displaced as many others had to migrate to other places. Other events, such as, Elnino rain resulted in huge floods that later left behind a long trail of destructions. Subsequent events led to severe droughts in some areas.
Bullock, Haddow, establishes a concrete argument and Haddow (2010) highlights landslides and fires as major impacts on human and land. One of the significant impacts was marked on the Nisqually earthquake. A lot had to be put in place after the sad natural outcomes, which affected the lives of many living forms. The worst of all projected negative impacts is the effect on the world economy. Most of the areas affected by natural disasters have had to lose an extensive portion on business. Many investment options have been cut short. For instance, incidences like the 1997 floods had on the city of Grand Forks, North Dakota affected business localities. This means that sectors, such as tourism, get less tourists. Unfortunately, countries that rely on tourism end up with losses that take a long time to recover.
How Global Warming Impact the Field of Emergency Management
One of the impacts in the field of emergency management was the discovery of strategies that would play a major role in preventing further damages e.g. the construction of structures on the seismic faults, which reduce vulnerabilities (Bullock, Haddow, and Haddow, 2010). For instance, in America the rise of natural disasters since the 1960s has caused the emergency management department to establish strategies in the affected areas. In the same aspect, many areas have been marked, which are prone to natural disasters and have been mitigated accordingly. For instance, place prone to cyclones and hurricanes are closely monitored and safety measures put in places. Similarly, place that experience severe floods repeatedly have been worked out to prevent loss of property especially during the heavy rain seasons. It can also be said that through this planning, the emergency management department has taken the time to train many individuals in this field that are ready to act in case of such sudden occurrences. In addition, higher administrations have prepared special departments in various large institutions that specialize in disaster management. In the end, the nations are always prepared to save lives and properties in case of emergency unlike in the past.
Communities Work to Mitigate and Adapt to Global Warming
Various communities have engaged in building structures that are meant to deter further damages due to natural disasters. In many cases today, communities living in flood areas have built tunnels and channels that direct wild raging waters away from the estates and towns. Earthquake areas have also engaged in building structures with resistant materials along the faults. On the other hand, communities have gathered to always be ready to assist people that get into trouble along such places at any time. For instance, fires can occur and affect people in distant places such may need rescue teams urgently.
Some communities have majored in having a disaster management conference where people in various communities are taught on how to handle disasters and management strategies are presented to them. In such conference, they enlighten people in the safest places to be in order to avoid loss of life and property. One of the conferences did in the past is the 2009 Conference on Community Preparedness in Arlington, Virginia.
How can comprehensive planning be used to mitigate the impacts of global warming?
Bullock, Haddow, discusses a clear outline and Haddow (2010) that disasters cannot be avoided by can risks can be eliminated. In this regard, planning such as placing strategies that counter serious global warming such as earthquakes can be put into place. For instance, in flood prone zones historical high magnitudes can be used to plot a plan for the future disaster outcomes. Likewise, in circumstances like the tsunami affect people can be prepared in a way that adapts to the situation. For instance, people can shift to safer places where the climate will be deemed to be more stable according to weather forecast programs. In the same measure, weather patterns can be studied and people are advised on which way to go. On the other hand, plans such as the planting of trees and building of structures can be done in good time (Hollowed, 2013). – How federal mitigation programs be utilized to assist with adaptation to climate change?
These are the best means by which the world can be informed towards the wide and fast spreading global warming. Mitigation programs can be taken all over the world in the form of green campaigns. For instance, there are several programs across the globe that are in the lead in planting trees in order to ensure a green world. Similarly, future plans can be established to ensure maximum survival of all natural habitat and living forms on land, air, and water.