Global warming is a process of the rapid increasing of average temperature on the Earth caused by human activity. The phenomenon of global warming was unknown till the beginning of the twenties century when the technological progress raised the industry to a new level of development. The new technologies and especially the popularization of automobiles among the ordinary citizens led to the increasing of the atmosphere pollution. CO2 emission is one of the main factors that play a crucial role in the increasing of global warming issue. However, some people still believe that global warming does not exist, or pollution caused by cars, plants and other sources is not so dangerous. Unfortunately, the statistic shows the figures that disprove such opinion. For example, the concentration of carbon dioxide in atmosphere is 35 percent higher than it was before the industrial revolution. The Earth surface becomes warmer, the temperature increased on 1.3°F over the last twenty years. Moreover, the scientists state that the sea levels worldwide have been rising on 3.5 millimeters every year since 1990s (Kowalski 46). The rising of the sea level is caused by the melting of glaciers, which is the results of the CO2 emission. As a result, one may see that everything is connected, and human activity has a direct impact on the process of global warming. However, it does not mean that humans are on the edge of the interglacial period. The threat exists, and it is quite visible. However, the situation is under control, and the world community has already realized the consequences of the global warming and takes steps to prevent them.
According to Milankovitch cycles, the process of global warming can be explained as a result of non-human activity. Milankovitch theory is also known as the astronomical theory of climate changes. The changes in the Earth’s orbit cause the astronomical vibrations that have a strong impact on the earth’s climate. Milankovitch cycles are divided into the precession, the obliquity and the eccentricity cycles. These circles regulate the solar isolation and the energy that the Earth receives from the Sun. Thus, the global warming is the result of the orbital changes but not the process that occurs on the planet.
The President of the United States Barack Obama raised the issue of the carbon dioxide reducing in order to decrease the process of global warming. In 2009, the Copenhagen Climate Change Summit was held. Its goal was to develop the strategies that will reduce the impact of carbon dioxide on the Earth. Consequently, it is forecasted that the carbon dioxide emission will be reduced on 17 percent by 2020 and on 43 percent by 2030 (Archer 58).
The well-known Kyoto Protocol was adopted in order to low down the rate of carbon dioxide emission. However, the developed countries decided themselves the rate of cuts that they need to take in order to reduce the emission. Thus, some countries had strict cuts, while others had more tolerate ones. Nevertheless, the protocol was improved in December in Copenhagen, and there was decided that all countries should obey the same rate cuts.
Despite the fact that developed countries take measures to reduce the impact of carbon dioxide on the Earth, the less developed countries, such as China and India, continue to use technologies, which damage the environment and produce much carbon dioxide. In fact, they cannot use other methods because it demands the additional funding that is an impossible task today. Thus, China and India, despite their desire, cannot make a noticeable contribution in the struggle against the global warming.
Archer, David. Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2007, print.
Kowalski, Kathiann. Global Warming. New York: Benchmark Books, 2004, print.