Cyber security standards are becoming a central concern for the people engaging in development of the computer system. The need for cyber security has struck the whole world due to the increasing use of computer devices. People consider security as a fundamental issue that facilitates the functioning of all the cyber activities. Therefore, managers concerned with information technology have come up with standards that will allow regulations of different activities regarding cyber security. Such actions allow uniformity and licensing of various cyber items in the information technology sectors (Agulhas, 2003).
The Merits of Cyber Security Standards
Cyber securities are measures in place that allow the security management to organize strategies that will prevent cyber attacks. They are well-grounded measures that allow extensive outline of cyber security measures. Cyber security standards are essential since they do not allow defects in the software (Brusil & Zakin, 2009). The cyber security standards management has established various ways of securing software against various cyber attacks. This implies that the software used in the operation of the computer systems receive adequate guard. Software, which is a victim of the cyber attacks, always has various defects due to the computer viruses that accrue to them (UMUC, 2012). The cyber security standards include a strategy that prevents the spoilage and defects of the computer software.
The cyber security standards also provide good grounds for measures regarding cyber management. The cyber security standards are numerous in terms of their versions. It means that there are many frameworks that define cyber management. They identify a defined practice to follow in case of certifications (King, 2003). This allows clear procedures that are applicable in gaining access to genuine software and materials involved in the use of cyber. The cyber security standards propose measures that allow certification and insurance of different cyber components (Baumol, 1999). This is an advantage since the standards have achieved the formulation of strategies for development of efficient software practices.
Additionally, the cyber security standards help in creating a good image for companies that engage in the provision of the cyber activities (Changchit, 2010). The cyber provision industries have various effects that do not allow them to engage in different activities. These effects like the cyber attacks are an increasing concern to people who engage in cyber provisions. A central factor that tarnishes the image of providers of the cyber providers is an activity called hacking. This activity invades the private information of individuals who uses Internet. The existent of the cyber security standards have brought in place criteria for mitigating such activities that involves lack of trust in the cyber security operations systems. This has benefited in development of a good image to the information technology providers. Consequently, it forms an efficient background for marketing activities.
The Challenges of Cyber Security Standards
The cyber security standards also have challenges that affect the entire information technology systems. This branch functions separately has different subjections to various cost factors. This implies that formulation of the new standards will require many costs. Implementing a given cyber control standards takes much time, and it can lead to costs that may hinder developments of certain sectors of information technology. Cyber security is an ongoing investment in most sectors in the present. The increasing technological advancements have affected the practices pertaining to cyber security (Ilvonen, 2013). These factors greatly challenge the developers of the security system in terms of costs. They always need additional funds to review the standards pertaining to the cyber sectors.
Additionally, cyber security standards face challenges of the potentiality of losing the markets. The information technology sectors are continuously becoming advanced and people are advocating for simplicity in computer use. This implies that there should be less technical difficulties in the use of computers. People require good computer personal interface in order to promote their activities. They also need easier ways of accessing the internet items in the security systems. However, the cyber security standards have placed a lot of difficulty in accessing different computer materials due to the rigid policies applicable for information access. These factors pertaining to cyber security measures reduce the potential market for the information technology instruments. For example, Apple has been successful in marketing its activities since it has established efficient computers interface. This is a factor that receives hindrance from the numerous cyber security standards.
The Merits of Unified Architectures versus Proprietary Technologies
Unified architectures are one of the standards that are meant for easy and faster access of information and technologies that will facilitate the access of historical data. These are advantageous standards that will provide an advantage in operations and retrievals of useful information. The proprietary technologies involve identifying and establishing technological features that allows full access of information technology within a business. In this case, a business always develops its own technological aspects that it will use in ensuring quality services within its operations. This is essential in determining the activities of the business practices. These elements are important in embracing change in the organizational practices.
The proprietary technologies adopting the unified architecture standards are able to achieve independence while at the same time achieving a high level of independence. This insinuates that the businesses adopting the standards will be able to facilitate the activities in terms of technology while at the same time establishing a given level of independence. For example, when a proprietary business adopts a relevant architecture standard, then there would be easier formulation of performance programs that would allow efficient use of an organizational activity. Combining unified architectural standards with proprietary technology is responsible for the independence of the majority of the proprietary in the world. They are able to include their programs within the technology systems that allow easy access of historical information.
The unified architecture versus the proprietary technologies is also necessary in reduction in the costs of operation of a given proprietary technology. These elements when blended together give a perfect mix necessary for ensuring smooth flow of information. Once there is adequate retrieval ease of historical information in a proprietary organization, these would be easier access to different essential data that may be necessary in ensuring success of a business. The unified architecture increases users interface in the process of retrieval of historical data. This standard is advantageous since it also increases user experience within a given system.
The proprietary technology development creates various standards and ways in which it can allow accommodation of business components. For example, there are businesses with different standards of operations; in such case, businesses need to encompass certain aspects of technological applications in their systems. They can adopt certain classification of applications that have a comprehensive base of performance. Such activities enable a company in embedding different standards in their systems. Additionally, the existent of unified architecture can fasten the operations of an organization given that the user interface has already been established at the business level.
Through the integration of the unified architecture and proprietary technologies, organizations can meet different market needs within their industries. For example, a business can develop strategies that apply in developing efficient marketing strategies by making every data available for their operations. The OPC upcoming standards allow the proprietary technologies to work in an efficient way in order to achieve the goals of the adopters. To reinforce this, there are certain organizations that have adopted their own standards of carrying out activities due to the ability to incorporate different strategies of technology in its system. They develop systems that allow them to administer their activities within the proprietary technologies. In summary, proprietary technologies involve designing of given technological aspects to a single business institution. On the other hand, unified architecture is one of the new standards in the upcoming OPC standards that will allow easier and faster retrieval of information within a given framework. The blend of these activities produces a given mix that can lead to the development of different business organizations that adopt such practices. In real life, most of the international and local organizations have developed efficient practices that allow development of their activities.
The Possibility of Creating Standards that Unify Standards Such as CMM and ISO 27001
A Cyber activity involves the use of technology in the societies. It means that there is lack of any given way of doing things in society. The cyber activities imply that there is an extent of dynamism in the activities. These factors explain that formulating different standards to incorporate global activities will be such a tiresome experience. The global cyber infrastructure does not operate in only one direction. It operates in different fits and starts that may limit the ability to comprise a given specific way of implementing standards. The dynamism, therefore, implies that there is no given way of carrying out standards that will work globally. The frequent changes in operations imply that there are various factors that will enhance the review of the standards. Something global, on the other hand, implies that there must be a sense of stability. In order for a standard to operate as a global element, there must be chances that their stability is verifiable. The changes that take place frequently in the technological field are not always verifiable. This denies that chance of instituting standards that would unify different standards that determine the cyber security.
The formulation of global practice that would unify the activities of the different standards is a main concern today. Merging these two different standards will mean that there would be an alternate cyber security system. The security system requires sensitivity since there are continuously changing environments concerning the activities in the standards. Unifying some of the cyber security measure will imply that the systems review the workability of the new software practices. In this case, there would be complications in the effort to merge different standards to form a global system. Such activities do not allow comprehensive functioning of the international computer systems. For example, the system of any country in the present world remains functional every minute. The changing of the security standards to a unified global level would result to demolition of the whole cyber security system. This would lead to delay of different operations, because the cyber security system would be left hanging.
Additionally, there are no possibilities of establishing global standards that would unify the subsidiary sectors. Different countries have different experiences with various laws. The differences in law enforcement have limited the ability of the development of cyber security standards in a global manner. Different countries have different policies guiding their frameworks of operations. This will imply that there is also a difference in the ways in which the companies formulate laws even regarding the cyberspace sectors. These activities limit the development of global standards that would unify the basic cyber security standards. Additionally, the cyber security standards operate in various sectors within the sphere of scope. They operate in industrial levels. Accordingly, it means that it would always be difficult to bring together the industries in order to achieve different global goals. These factors constrain the development of a unified system of standards.
On the other hand, there are arguments that make it possible to merge the existing cyber security standards. One of the most proposed ways that makes the unification possible is through development of a partnership correlation with the private sector industries. This is a strategy that will allow the collaborative practices between two distinct sectors. For example, the global cyber infrastructure depends on the contributions of the private companies and industries that participate in the development of a system. They develop software that may affect the global sectors. The fundamental way that can make it possible for the development of a unified global standard is to ensure that there are perfect collaborations between the private and public sectors. The different governments have to convince the private sectors of the importance of a unified cyber security standard.
The other way that shows the possibility in unifying the cyber security standards is through the development of an efficient certification procedure. The certification procedure will ensure that there is an adequate identification of the sources of the cyber facilities that exist in different countries. Some of the cyber components always exist in such a way that they do not exemplify the originality of substance. Such software and other cyber components are the factors that subject different nations to cyber threats. Tracking down such counterfeits will be necessary in deciding on the things that may apply in establishing global standards. The only way to track down the fraudulent productions of such activities will be through allocation of efficient certification strategies. This implies that there is always a way in which the product can be registered under the law to encourage adequate capture within the cyber security standards.
Technical Possibilities of Establishing a Unifying Cyber Security Standard
The unifying of standards in the operations of cyber activities has posed some technical challenges. Different groups of countries cannot formulate various elements that will unify the standards. There are numerous technical factors that affect the operations of the standards of the security systems. For example, different regions have different domains of network in which they operate. It means that there must be cognition of these various domains so that there is merging in the cyber security standards. Therefore, it makes the unification of various certificates almost impossible. The certification for different domains may not be easy to allow development of one specific element that binds different factors. This makes it difficult to form a global benchmark of standards.
Additionally, there is an increasing knowledge in the field of cyberspace. People are now able to launch different programs that may counter attack the normal functioning of the security systems. Such issues imply that there is a difficulty in technical merging of the counterfeit programs that the different experts introduce in the field of information technology. Such activities limit the possibility of identifying a uniform way of identifying effects of cyber activities. The existent of various issues in the formulation of cyber components is also a way of ensuring the encryption of different computer technology elements. In information technology, diverse elements or component that constitute and electronic gadget implies a different coding. It means that they will need a different measure to deal with the attacks and the malware that accrue to them. Some of these defects may be due to various manufacturer related problems. Therefore, instituting given policies that pertain to these effects requires a benchmark of knowledge in order to enhance execution. In summary, different security measures work for different conditions. Furthermore, there are minimal chances of ensuring that there is adequate way of dealing with cyber attacks that can lead to formation of regulations.
Another technical factor that makes it impossible in establishing laws pertaining to the unification of cyber security standards is the concept of cyberspace (United States, Committee on National Security Systems, 2010). Different people live in different regions. Therefore, they may exhibit various attacks. In fact, the location profiles matters in terms of mitigating different cyber attack issues. The difference in location does not allow regulation using one standard method. As a result, diverse methods will be required in order to make the differences in activities of the information technology. Different locations apply various protocols that would not allow set programs to work in different areas.
Additionally, there are technical difficulties in term of producing a cognitive framework for mitigating the various problems. The cognitive framework combines the use of similar ways of network. There are different forms of networks in the present world. Merging the various forms of networks to find a similar protocol of administering cyber attack issues has not been possible (Software & Information technology, 2010). Some of the networks affect the ways in which their security levels work. It affects the various ways of ensuring success of the formulating specific ways of ensuring strategies of dealing with cyber attacks.
Making the Right Decisions in Security Investments
The decision makers apply different criteria in making decisions concerning investments in the fields of information technology. They use different criteria for ensuring that there are various ways of budgetary allocation in the security systems of information technology sectors (BS7799 – how it works, n.d.). One of the most common ways that the budgeters and policy makers use in ensuring information technology security is through the development of intensive research. The policy makers always allocate investments on the information technology security depending on the information they have in the form of research work. They undertake research work to allocate various loopholes within the operations of information technologies in order to establish good grounds for investments. This is the most common way of achieving successful investment strategies in most industries. Based on their research, they invest in different field in the industrial sectors. In this case, they develop a just in time method of investment.
In the information technology sectors, there are uncertainties concerning the development and innovations concerning various elements. The policy makers and investors, in this case, apply decisions concerning information technology security depending on the advancement levels of technology. During the seasons of technological advancement, they are likely to allocate additional budgeting to the security systems of information. In this way, they achieve various goals in terms of investment in the sector of information technologies. The policy makers apply different strategies like innovation level analysis to enhance their investments. The policy makers believe that once there are high innovative levels, there would be high possibilities of cyber attacks like hacking. In this case, the policy makers invest highly in the field of encryption and in the strategies that will ensure that hacking do not take place.
Additionally, the policy makers rely on the past cost factors to make decisions concerning the activities of investments. They evaluate the experience in terms of the costs that they incurred in the previous incidence of cyber attacks (Open Web Application Security Project, n.d.). This would be a benchmark for their investment allocation criteria. They invest in the standards that are affected most by the previous history. In this, the policy makers ensure that they implement policies that affect their season of operations. This is a supplementary to the cost benefit analysis that they perform to ensure allocation of investments. The cost benefit analysis involves the identification of costs that they will accrue by addressing a given incidence of information technology insecurity (United States, National Security Agency, 2012). Additionally, the policy makers consider the global trends in making the investments on the information technology. The global trends will tend to indicate the effects of cyber insecurity in most of the regions. The policy makers tend to follow these global trends to identify the prevalent information securities in order to mitigate them accordingly. This is a fundamental strategy in ensuring that all the uprising threats to security of informational technology receive appropriate redress.
The information technology faces different threats in the present world. The uprising technology does not allow development in terms of standards since people are becoming increasingly aware of the programs of the information technology. This idea compels the policy makers in the information technology sectors to attempt in investigating on ways of dealing with cyber attacks. There are cyber security policies that exist to mitigate factors to this effect. However, such security issues intend to go global in terms of the standards. On the other hand, technical, economical, and legal factors prevent the idea of globalization of cyber security policies. This leaves the policy makers in the information technology sector to find on strategic means of investing in cyber security issues.