Disaster Management Systems

When a natural disaster occurs, there are emergency crews like ambulances, fire department and police ready to help the affected people out. Socialism system gives the best solution in taking care of emergency situations like floods; hurricane or forest fires (Schneider, 2011). This is because the government gets involved in paying the people involved in the rescue so the focus of everyone is to help those struck by the disaster without worrying of payment. Socialism is the best system as it teaches people to assist one another in times of crisis. These people are taught to work as a non profit organization that only focus on what they ought to do by putting the interests of the injured persons first. The government also plays a major role in giving the working people fewer hours of work and longer vacations to make them available in clean ups after disasters.

Socialism system might be the best in responding to the needs of people struck by an emergency situation like the earthquake that occurred in Haiti in January 2010. This is because just like the name suggests emergencies occur abruptly, and the people affected are helpless with no aid at all. This system assists the affected by altering them in regard to the dangers predicted in case of emergencies. The poor people in the area where a disaster strikes are provided with free financial and health care services, which was evident in the hurricane Katrina scenario. Socialist systems give a lot of importance to health care facilities. They form a strong system of health care that takes care of every affected person equally (Nove, 2011). The system gives priority to basic necessities which are provided to the people as they can not afford them after a disaster. The socialist system is advantageous because it has a good labor division and quotas as given to them. For example, in the Haiti earthquake, the rebuilding work of the country was disturbed equally in the resident which was an advantage to them as the recovery process increased in speed. A community that practices socialism always reacts faster and in a controlled manner in regard to emergency situations. Compared to the capitalist system, the socialist system is far much better.

In case of a disaster, the cost of everything in the area hit seems rise almost immediately; from food, housing, water, gas, etc. the same case applies during winter with the cost of heating houses and businesses going up. This is because when a product has a low demand or the quantity in the market is high, the product seller is forced to drop the prices in order to sell it (Vandenbergh, Ruhl, & Rossi, 2012). When the demand is high, and the supply of the same product is low then the price of the product rises. During winter, everyone is in need of natural gas that is probably used to heat up homes and businesses. This makes the demand of the commodity go up, and the supply is in shortage. The suppliers are forced to hike the prices since they are guaranteed of an available market. No one can survive during winter without heating up their homes or businesses. Weather is a great factor that determines the amount of energy that people use in heating up homes or businesses. In winter people tend to use more energy, which increases the demand for the commodity. The suppliers increase the prices due to the cost of production increase. However, this increase in the cost of production is pushed to the consumer. Thus, even if the cost remained the same consumers would still pay more due to high energy used.

References

  1. Nove, A. (2011). Socialism, economics and development. London: Routledge.
  2. Schneider, S. K. (2011). Dealing with Disaster: Public Management in Crisis Situations. New York: ME Sharpe.
  3. Vandenbergh, M., Ruhl, J., & Rossi, J. (2012). Supply and Demand: Barriers to a New Energy Future. Vanderbilt Law Review Symposium Issue.